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Prince Edward has been called "Father of the Canadian Crown".
In French, the island is called today Île-du-Prince-Édouard, but its former French name, as part of Acadia, was Île Saint-Jean (St. The island is known in Scottish Gaelic as Eilean a' Phrionnsa (lit.
The magnificent sand dunes at Greenwich are of particular significance.
The shifting, parabolic dune system is home to a variety of birds and rare plants; it is also a site of significant archeological interest.
The island has several informal names: "Garden of the Gulf", referring to the pastoral scenery and lush agricultural lands throughout the province; and "Birthplace of Confederation" or "Cradle of Confederation", referring to the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, although PEI did not join Confederation until 1873, when it became the seventh Canadian province.
Historically, PEI is one of Canada's older settlements and demographically still reflects older immigration to the country, with Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and French surnames being dominant to this day. It is the 104th-largest island in the world and Canada's 23rd-largest island.
Industrial farming has increased as businesses buy and consolidate older farm properties.Thirty-one municipalities have taken responsibility for planning.In areas where municipalities have not assumed responsibility for planning, the Province remains responsible for development control.The geological properties of a white silica sand found at Basin Head are unique in the province; the sand grains cause a scrubbing noise as they rub against each other when walked on, and have been called the "singing sands".Large dune fields on the north shore can be found on barrier islands at the entrances to various bays and harbours.