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The terms gender dysphoria and gender identity disorder were not used until the 1970s, "Transsexualism" was replaced in the DSM-IV by "gender identity disorder in adolescents and adults".
Male-to-female transsexualism has sometimes been called "Harry Benjamin's syndrome" after the endocrinologist who pioneered the study of dysphoria.
Historically, one reason some people preferred transsexual to transgender is that the medical community in the 1950s through the 1980s encouraged a distinction between the terms that would only allow the former access to medical treatment.
but this view is controversial, and others argue that merely having some medical procedures does not have such far-reaching consequences as to put those who have them and those who have not (e.g.
For example, Christine Jorgensen, the first person widely known to have sex reassignment surgery (in this case, male-to-female), rejected transsexual and instead identified herself in newsprint as trans-gender, on this basis.
The word transsexual is most often used as an adjective rather than a noun – a "transsexual person" rather than simply "a transsexual".
The term, along with gynephilia, is needed to overcome immense difficulties in characterizing the sexual orientation of transmen and transwomen.
Those who are writing and researching in this area would do well to adopt his clear and concise vocabulary." Androphilia – The romantic and/or sexual attraction to adult males.
These labels thereby ignore the individual’s personal sense of gender identity taking precedence over biological sex, rather than the other way around." Psychologist Stephen T.
Wegener writes, "Langevin makes several concrete suggestions regarding the language used to describe sexual anomalies.
Like other trans people, transsexual people prefer to be referred to by the gender pronouns and terms associated with their gender identity.
For example, a trans man is a person who was assigned the female sex at birth on the basis of his genitals, but despite that assignment, identifies as a man and is transitioning or has transitioned to a male gender role; in the case of a transsexual man, he furthermore has or will have a masculine body.